怎麼樣在ASP.NET中配置各種連接數據庫?

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怎麼樣在ASP.NET中配置各種連接數據庫?

一、數據庫連接語句

1、MSSQL數據庫鏈接示例


 <connectionStrings>
 <add name="Conn" connectionString="server=.;database=demo;uid=sa;pwd=123456" providerName="System.Data.SqlClient"/>
 </connectionStrings> 

2、Access 2003數據庫鏈接示例:""代表根目錄


 <connectionStrings>
 <add name="Conn" connectionString="Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0; Data Source=App_Data/demo.mdb" providerName="System.Data.OleDb"/>
 </connectionStrings> 
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Access 2007或以上版本的鏈接


 <connectionStrings>
 <add name="Conn" connectionString="Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0; Data Source=App_Data/demo.mdb" providerName="System.Data.OleDb"/>
 </connectionStrings> 

3、Oracle 數據庫鏈接示例


 <connectionStrings>
 <add name="Conn" connectionString="Provider=MSDAORA;Data Source=demo;User ID=sa;Password=123456;" providerName="System.Data.OracleClient"/>
 </connectionStrings> 

4、SQLite 數據庫鏈接示例


 <connectionStrings>
 <add name="Conn" connectionString="Data Source=App_Data/demo.db;failifmissing=false" providerName="System.Data.SQLite"/>
 </connectionStrings> 

5:MySQL數據庫鏈接示例


 <connectionStrings>
 <add name="Conn" connectionString="host=127.0.0.1;Port=3306;Database=mysql;uid=sa;pwd=12346" providerName="MySql.Data.MySqlClient"/>
 </connectionStrings> 

二、json數據轉換


 using System;
 using System.Collections.Generic;
 using System.Data;
 using System.Linq;
 using System.Reflection;
 using System.Text;
 using System.Web;
 using System.Web.Script.Serialization;
 
 namespace Role.DAL
 {
 public class Json
 {
 public Json() { }
 
 /// <summary>
 ///將datatable數據轉換成JSON數據, 字符串拚接寫成的
 /// </summary>
 /// <param name="jsonName">json名稱。沒發現什麼作用</param>
 /// <param name="dt">得到的數據表</param>
 /// <returns></returns>
 public string DataTableToJson(string jsonName, DataTable dt)
 {
 StringBuilder Json = new StringBuilder();
 Json.Append("[");
 if (dt.Rows.Count > 0)
 {
 for (int i = 0; i < dt.Rows.Count; i++)
 {
 Json.Append("{");
 for (int j = 0; j < dt.Columns.Count; j++)
 {
 Json.Append(dt.Columns[j].ColumnName.ToString() + ":\"" + dt.Rows[i][j].ToString() + "\"");
 if (j < dt.Columns.Count - 1)
 {
 Json.Append(",");
 }
 }
 Json.Append("}");
 if (i < dt.Rows.Count - 1)
 {
 Json.Append(",");
 }
 }
 }
 Json.Append("]");
 return Json.ToString();
 }
 
 
 /// <summary>
 /// 列表數據轉換到json數據;字符串拚接寫成的,太難
 /// </summary>
 /// <typeparam name="T"></typeparam>
 /// <param name="jsonName">json名稱。沒發現什麼作用</param>
 /// <param name="IL"></param>
 /// <returns></returns>
 public string ObjectToJson<T>(string jsonName, IList<T> IL)
 {
 StringBuilder Json = new StringBuilder();
 Json.Append("[");
 if (IL.Count > 0)
 {
 for (int i = 0; i < IL.Count; i++)
 {
 T obj = Activator.CreateInstance<T>();
 Type type = obj.GetType();
 PropertyInfo[] pis = type.GetProperties();
 Json.Append("{");
 for (int j = 0; j < pis.Length; j++)
 {
 Json.Append(pis[j].Name.ToString() + ":\"" + pis[j].GetValue(IL[i], null) + "\"");
 if (j < pis.Length - 1)
 {
 Json.Append(",");
 }
 }
 Json.Append("}");
 if (i < IL.Count - 1)
 {
 Json.Append(",");
 }
 }
 }
 Json.Append("]");
 return Json.ToString();
 }
 
 /// <summary>
 /// 將DataTable轉化為自定義JSON數據
 /// </summary>
 /// <param name="dt">數據表</param>
 /// <returns>JSON字符串</returns> 
 public static string DataTableToJson(DataTable dt)
 {
 StringBuilder JsonString = new StringBuilder();
 if (dt != null && dt.Rows.Count > 0)
 {
 List<Dictionary<string, string>> list = new List<Dictionary<string, string>>();
 for (int i = 0; i < dt.Rows.Count; i++)
 {
 Dictionary<string, string> dict = new Dictionary<string, string>();
 for (int j = 0; j < dt.Columns.Count; j++)
 {
 dict.Add(dt.Columns[j].ColumnName, dt.Rows[i][j].ToString());
 }
 list.Add(dict);
 }
 JavaScriptSerializer jsonSerializer = new JavaScriptSerializer();
 return jsonSerializer.Serialize(list);
 }
 else
 {
 return "{}";
 }
 }
 
 /// <summary>
 /// 將datatable轉換為json 
 /// </summary>
 /// <param name="dtb">Dt</param>
 /// <returns>JSON字符串</returns>
 public static string Dtb2Json(DataTable dtb)
 {
 JavaScriptSerializer jss = new JavaScriptSerializer();
 System.Collections.ArrayList dic = new System.Collections.ArrayList();
 if (dtb != null && dtb.Rows.Count > 0)
 {
 foreach (DataRow dr in dtb.Rows)
 {
 System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<string, object> drow = new System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<string, object>();
 foreach (DataColumn dc in dtb.Columns)
 {
 drow.Add(dc.ColumnName, dr[dc.ColumnName]);
 }
 dic.Add(drow);
 }
 //序列化 
 return jss.Serialize(dic);
 }
 else
 {
 return "{}";
 }
 }
 
 }
 }
 
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